drilling borehole
Well (Borehole) Drilling Process

Water 4 Kids International (W4KI) is reaching out to the poorest communities in East Africa and Central India that are suffering from the lack of safe water by providing long-term access to clean water through deepwater wells and water filtration projects.

In addition, Water 4 Kids equips and trains recipient villages to maintain their water projects for years to come in order to provide the greatest impact within their community. Water 4 Kids also monitors existing wells to make sure they are open and fully-functioning, while offering them an opportunity to learn about proper hygiene and basic sanitation.

drillers at work

Our drillers looking for water.

Water 4 Kids International has a unique and proven process for providing safe water to remote villages. Our sophisticated steps involve identifying villages in greatest need, purchasing the land, geological/hydrological surveying, educating the villagers, drilling, opening and dedicating the well, and monitoring the well to ensure it is fully-functioning.

Water 4 Kids International oversees the entire drilling process. All identified projects have multiple teams dedicated to that project including: check, survey, drilling, pump testing, casting, and fitting teams. Each team includes the area project manager, community leadership committee, and a safety officer who’s required to remain on the site during the entire drilling project. This ensures that the process is not compromised in any way.

The operation begins with an appointed community leader going out into the various districts and looking at proposed villages that are in greatest need. Specific guidelines have been established to ensure that no money is exchanged (between appointed community leaders and village local chairmen), no private deals are made, and that wells are not being drilled on private land. The appointed leader makes a site recommendation, then the project manager visits the village to confirm the need. The distance villagers travel to fetch contaminated water, the population of surrounding villages, and other social services such as schools and medical clinics are major factors in determining the greatest need. Photos of the existing water source and village demographic information are taken as part of the process.



soil samples

Soil samples taken from the well site.

Once all of the information is collected, a report of the area is written and sent to the department of International Development at Water 4 Kids International. This vital information is entered into our program, which will be used at a later time to connect a village with a potential donor. A W4KI letter is hand-delivered from the project manager to the chairman asking for a partnership with the village for determining the possibility of drilling a deepwater well for the village. The chairman must agree to the Water 4 Kids partnership, cooperate, and be friendly with our team that will be visiting their village during the drilling process. A significant part of the partnership is for the receiving village to agree to take responsibility for maintaining and repairing the wells should it ever need repair.

The wells that we supply to villages are gifts. Everyone is free to drink, regardless of gender, religion, or tribe. Villages are required by Water 4 Kids to set up a Water Usage Committee who will be part of the education process and who will determine the regulations for the boreholes regarding water usage, maintenance, and the safety of the wells.


water testing

Water testing



cementing the platform

Cementing the platform


Water 4 Kids requires an individual in the community to donate a plot of land to the village for the boreholes. This small act brings dignity to the village and confirms the partnership with Water 4 Kids International. A hydrological water survey is completed in the area for the boreholes to ensure there is water underground and to also determine the amount. Although the local government drills wells, they are only 50-feet deep. We feel that shallow wells are still unsafe for human consumption; that’s why Water 4 Kids International only drills wells that are at least 150-feet deep. Water 4 Kids will do everything we can to provide a village with a life-saving well. If water is not found after drilling, the surveyor will do another survey and another drilling will take place. If a village does not have any water, a new village is transferred to a new site at no additional cost. With this method, Water 4 Kids can show donors that a well has been provided for a community with their generous donation.

completion of boreholes
Finished boreholes with protective fence installed by the village Water Usage Committee

After teams drill, test, fit piping, and cast, the borehole is almost complete. The final construction phase is concluded with adding of the hand-pump onto a cement platform and a final chain is installed until the official opening of the boreholes. Thousands of villagers are invited to attend the well opening (along with local government officials, local pastors, our project manager, and other important leaders of the community). At the well dedication, another level of education is given to the community about their ongoing care of their new well. From this day forward, the village accepts responsibility and ownership of the well through their Water Usage Committee that regulates the usage and maintenance of the well. One of the local pastors gives a special blessing over the borehole, turns it over to the village, and invites everyone to drink (regardless of religion or tribe). The well is officially turned over to the village and everyone is welcomed to drink from the well. Encouraging the children to drink often from their new well can promote good health and will hopefully prevent diseases like dysentery and malaria. It is a beautiful and historic day – one that villagers will remember for a lifetime. After opening a well for 30,000 people in the village of Bulundira, an elderly man shared with us "I am a dying man, and I thought I would never live to see fresh water in my village."

Through our generous donors, we are impacting the lives of hundreds of thousands of people through the gift of fresh water. Water 4 Kids' proven process is restoring hope through safe water, one village at a time.

Pastor Wilber Wabwire Sigombe drinking fresh water from new well

Pastor Wilber Wabwire Sigombe inspects and drinks the fresh water from the new well.